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Military history

Czechoslovak fortifications, including bunkers, forts, and cabins, were constructed in the years 1935-1938 as part of the country’s defence system, particularly against the Nazi threat. The Munich Agreement of 1938, which forced the country to relinquish a large part of territory to Nazi Germany, put an end to the construction project; hence, the country lost its system of fortifications. On your journeys today along the Polish border you will come across a great amount of evidence from that period... read more

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Hanička - fortress - military fortifications.
Hanička - fortress - military fortifications

The Hanička artillery fort is part of the pre-war fortification system built in the 1930’s mainly against the Germans. The fort takes its feminine name from a nearby settlement. The fort was composed of...
tel.: 491616998, 494595393, 736752218

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491616998 494595393 736752218
Museum of Czechoslovak Fortification from 1935-38 - Infantry cabin K-S 14 "At the brickworks".
Museum of Czechoslovak Fortification from 1935-38 - Infantry cabin K-S 14 "At the brickworks"

The artillery cabin named K-S 14 is a two-winged building on both sides that dates back to 1936. The building's dominant feature comprises two combat casemates and space for mortar support during battle...
tel.: 603297593

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603297593
Březinka - wooden infantry blockhouse.
Březinka - wooden infantry blockhouse

Infantry cabin N-S 84 Water, which was once a civil defense shelter, serves as the entrance gate to the open-air musem. The heart of the open-air museum is infantry cabin N-S 82 Březinka, which has been...
tel.: 731886069, 603776961

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731886069 603776961
Hůrka artillery fort.
Hůrka artillery fort

Hurka fort represents one of the pillars of Czechoslovak fortifications from 1935 - 1938. It consists of massive combat building structures in the highest resistance - so-called cabins (walls and roof...
tel.: 606669888

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606669888
Infantry blockhouse K-S 5 U Potoka.
Infantry blockhouse K-S 5 U Potoka

This infantry cabin is one of the biggest of its kind. In the reconstructed interior you will find an exhibition on the Czechoslovak fortification system. Czechoslovak fortification system and Czechoslovak...
tel.: 775301233, 777027004

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775301233 777027004
Nízká - infantry cabin R-S 72.
Nízká - infantry cabin R-S 72

A double-sided infantry bunker built in Arabic resistance with a porthole for a 9 cm mortar as part of the line of heavy fortifications under the 2nd construction sub-division – Kunvald. The two-floor...
tel.: 606604854

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606604854
T-S 19 Turov infantry cabin.
T-S 19 Turov infantry cabin

A part of the pre-war fortification line in the Nachod and Trutnov regions. The building was designed in the second degree of resistance. Together with artillery cabin T-S 20 Na Pláni its task was to block...
tel.: 606236799, 728923206

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606236799 728923206
The artillery stronghold of Bouda.
The artillery stronghold of Bouda

Building from 1935-1938 is the most preserved building of its kind in the Czech Republic. It comprises of five battle buildings of the highest degree of resistence (walls and ceiling panels are 350 cm...
tel.: 777647114

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777647114
Josefov Fortress.
Josefov Fortress

Josefov Fort, which hides labyrinth of underground corridors of the length of 45 km, was built from 1780 to 1787 at the instance of emperor Joseph II and was to serve as protection of provincial frontiers...
tel.: 491812343

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491812343
Kahan III - Cold War Museum.
Kahan III - Cold War Museum

An object of the former pre-war fortification system, rebuilt for new warfare methods and research by the army, the Ministry of the Interior, and the needs of the State Secret Security. Reconstruction...
tel.: 776211991

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776211991
Military museum Králíky.
Military museum Králíky

The museum is situated directly in the middle of an extensive and extremely massively built zone of the Czechoslovak defence fortifications in 1935-1938. Located in the immediate vicinity are a large...
tel.: 608478732, 604407901

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608478732 604407901
Military museum Lichkov.
Military museum Lichkov

A museum in two separate infantry bunkers, K-S 32 “At the Corner” and K-S 31 "U Besídky" . It is an independent two-bell object of the 2nd class resistivity built in 1936 with exhibition dedicated to Czechoslovak...
tel.: 732140641

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732140641
Vysoký Kámen Museum - Czechoslovak fortification.
Vysoký Kámen Museum - Czechoslovak fortification

Cezchoslovak fortification buildings from 1936-1938 and their subsequent post-war reactivation. You can see a heavyweight fortification building, the K - S25, furthermore three lightweight fortification...
tel.: 724333769

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724333769
At the Crosses - blockhouse for infantry T-S 5.
At the Crosses - blockhouse for infantry T-S 5

Double-sided infantry bunker T-S 5, 2nd degree of resistance. Exposition dedicated to Czechoslovak fortification, Czechoslovak Army and stories about pilots and planes during the Second World War.
tel.: 728747710

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728747710
Odolov - infantry cabin T-S 26.
Odolov - infantry cabin T-S 26

A structure of the former Czechoslovak defence fortifications from 1935-1938, built in 1938 as part of the Odolovský fortification barrier. The object concerns a two-story, double-sided structure whose...
tel.: 607946032, 606152792

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607946032 606152792
Průsek - infantry cabin R-S-87.
Průsek - infantry cabin R-S-87

A finely preserved structure holding the original plated bell. A mortar porthole for 9 cm shells was mounted on the left side. In the sights was Komáří Hill with a lookout and a nearby road. exposition...
tel.: 605590861, 723265536

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605590861 723265536
Artillery cabin T - S 1a.
Artillery cabin T - S 1a

Infantry cabin, which was built in the years 1935 - 1938 as part of the fortification system built to defend the former Czechoslovakia.
tel.: 724966138

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724966138
Fortification building K – S 8 U nádraží.
Fortification building K – S 8 U nádraží

On both sides heavy border fortification building from 1936. Its main military task was to create a barrage in the direction of the neighbouring buildings and to direct firing from the armoured copula...
tel.: 604507520, 604630470

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604507520 604630470
Infantry blockhouse N-S 74 “Na Holém”.
Infantry blockhouse N-S 74 “Na Holém”

During the Munich crisis the blockhouse was fully equipped and armed with anti-tank guns and machine guns. Although the inner part is inaccessible, the blockhouse is worth seeing due to its exceptional...
tel.: 603336525

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603336525
Jaroslav - infantry cabin N-S 47.
Jaroslav - infantry cabin N-S 47

Two-sided artillery cabin of 3rd degree resistance, built near Skutina fortress. The cabin is a part of the fortification line of the Czechoslovak fortification from 1938. The main loophole was removed...
tel.: 606909028

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606909028
Pláň - infantry cabin T-S 20.
Pláň - infantry cabin T-S 20

Partially reconstructed independent cabin of Czechoslovak fortification from 1935-1938. Military exposition related to fights for freedom of Czechoslovakia and important battles of the Second World War...
tel.: 731971482

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731971482
Skutina Fortress - military fortification.
Skutina Fortress - military fortification

The Skutina fortress was designed as six structures over the length of 1,350 metres (two of which were to be infantry bunkers, although only one was ever completed) connected by underground corridors with...
tel.: 603521468

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603521468
Infantry blockhouse T-S 27"Above the road"

The independent, two-winged infantry chalet is 1st class resistant. It was commissioned in 1938. The main munition included an anti-tank cannon with a heavy gun and a pair of heavy guns. 24 soldiers formed...
tel.: 732633022, 739618110

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732633022 739618110
Infantry blockhouse T-S 63

Single-wing, one-sided, two-storey building with an angled casemate, in which two main weapons were positioned. During the occupation, the main weapon gun-ports and one auxiliary gun-port were removed...
tel.: 606662117

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606662117
Infantry cabin K-S 37 Observation Tower

Double-sided detached infantry bunker built in 2nd degree of resistance.
tel.: 465614909, 603177364

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465614909 603177364
Infantry cabin N-S 73 Crane

The infantry cabin Crane was the first building constructed of artillery fort Dobrošov. It was completed in 1938.
tel.: 724120498

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724120498
Infantry cabin N-S 78 Poland

The bunker was a part of the fortification system of pre-war Czechoslovakia and could hold a crew of 23 men.

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Infantry cabin N-S 79 Grave

The bunker was part of the fortification system of pre-war Czechoslovak Republic and could hold a crew numbering 29 men.

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Infantry cabin N-S 80 Jirásek

The infantry cabin was part of the fortification system of Czechslovakia and could accommodate a crew of 29 men. The cabin building was severely devastated after an attempt at blasting off the ceiling...

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Infantry cabin N-S 81 Quarry

Infantry cabin N S-81 was built in 1938 and has two shooting bells that were torn down and taken away during the war.
tel.: 731886069

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731886069
Infantry cabin N-S 84 Water

The bunker was part of the fortification system of pre-war Czechoslovak Republic and could hold a crew numbering 29 men.
tel.: 731886069

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731886069
Infantry cabin N-S 88 Transformator

There was a shooting room in the left side of the building. And in the so-called "ear" there was a bell installed for a light machine gun. Then on the right side the cabin had twin heavy machine guns in...

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Infantry cabin N-S 89 Double

Double sided, uneven height (to accommodate the hillside) log cabin. Each side has L1 and M weapons, and an N light machine gun in the bell.

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Infantry cabin N-S 90 Water Tower

Infantry cabin built from 08 December, 1937 to 13 December, 1937. The cabin accommdated a total of 39 men in 1938.
tel.: 603928600

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603928600
Infantry cabin T-S 44 On the Hill

Infantry cabin from 1938. Shoting bells were not supplied to the Munich Agreement and thus the building could never be completed.
tel.: 775072625

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775072625
Infantry cabin T-S 55 On the Hillside

Isolated right-hand infantry bunker. Inside there are uniquely preserved messages from the First Republic and the occupation. There are also exhibitions dedicated to Czechoslovak fortifications and the...
tel.: 499892017, 605559520

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499892017 605559520
Ravelin No. XIV.

Defense element of Fort Josefov (part of the exterior rampart). Under reconstruction since 1994. All that remains of the ravelin is the outer wall and remnants of the rampart, however the reduit has been...

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(Králický řopík).
(Králický řopík)


tel.: 774024750

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774024750
The first military-history museum of M. Frost and the W. Matuška Museum

History of Austro-Hungarian army from the end of the 19th century - the First World War - protectorate, heydrich area - war in Corea, Vietnam. Waldemar Matuška Museum.
tel.: 491812343, 725759614

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491812343 725759614

Tips for trips

Battlefield of 1866 – Chlum near Sadová.
Battlefield of 1866 – Chlum near Sadová

Lovers of history, war and combat weaponry will definitely like to visit the Chlum elevation, where the bloodiest battle of the 19th century was fought...

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Find your activity

Regional operational programme NUTS II Northeast - New window.
Co-financing
Pardubice Region.
Realised by
CzechTourism - New window.
CzechTourism
Destination company of East Bohemia - New window.
Destination company
Eastern Bohemia
CzeCoT - New window.
Central connection of databases
EU.
Co-financing